Lisa J. Bernt


Recent developments have exacerbated informational asymmetry between

employers and workers. Employers increasingly use “black box” automateddecision

systems, such as machine learning processes where algorithms are

used in recruitment and hiring. They have technological tools that enable

intense monitoring of workers. Contemporary work relationships have

changed, with trends toward remote and scattered worksites. Employees are

more frequently bound by nondisclosure agreements, non-disparagement

provisions, and mandatory arbitration agreements. These developments have

made it more difficult for workers to communicate with each other and to act