This Article reviews what is known from the field of criminology about the nature of crime patterns in general, focusing particularly on violence, violent people, and how violence manifests in the lives of individuals who commit crime. Broad consensus exists in the research community that offending careers of individuals who commit crimes vary substantially from person to person. Most people tend to commit non-violent crimes and while many violent offenders recidivate after being released from prison, the majority do not. Moreover, the type of violent crime committed—expressive versus instrumental—may be an important distinction. We draw several conclusions from the research on violence and violent recidivism and what it can mean for policy makers and their decision-making. Armed with accurate information about violent offending, policymakers and practitioners may be able to propose appropriate policy changes and make more informed decisions about the likelihood of violent offending and recidivism among persons who commit crimes.
Daniel O'Connell, Christy Visher, and Lin Liu,
Violent Offending, Desistance, And Recidivism,
103 Marq. L. Rev. 983
Available at: https://scholarship.law.marquette.edu/mulr/vol103/iss3/13