The focused deterrence violence prevention model emerged as part of Boston Ceasefire in the mid-1990s. Since that time, solid research evidence has emerged indicating focused deterrence can influence community levels of violence, particularly gang- and group-related violence. It is considered an evidence-based violence reduction strategy. The evidence of the impact on individuals, however, is much more limited and mixed. This Article presents the focused deterrence model, reviews the research evidence and considers the implications for reducing violent recidivism. Several lingering research questions as well as considerations for leveraging focused deterrence along with other recidivism reduction strategies are discussed.
Edmund F. McGarrell,
Focused Deterrence Violence Prevention At Community And Individual Levels,
103 Marq. L. Rev. 963
Available at: https://scholarship.law.marquette.edu/mulr/vol103/iss3/12